HIGH PLACE OF SACRIFICE - (200 BC – 200 AD) - BACK ROUTE TRAIL
High place of sacrifice - (200 bc – 200 ad) - back route trail
This is one of the most interesting trails in Petra area, in fact; this is my favorite trail. Visiting and exploring historical places on this part of Petra is amazing because every time I’m taking this trail I feel like if I’m the first and the only visitor who is discovering this area because it is very rare to see someone moving all over the trail , yes that is right; you hardly can see someone moving on that area , and that is why I love this trail, and that is why I named this article as the previous one – Secrets of Petra ( less than 1% of Petra visitors saw these areas of Petra)
This is the largest cultic area in Petra – there are many smaller ones located amongst the mountain that surround the ancient city. These sites were likely used for a variety of religious rites, which probably included sacrifices. It is possible that this particular cultic area was in use since the time of the Edomites in the Iron Age. The Nabataeans, as with many other Semitic peoples, sometimes worshipped their gods in open-air high place and appear to have offered sacrifices to them.
The cult complex before you includes a rectangular courtyard with three carved benches, or a ’triclinium’ and a low table at its center that may have been the seat of the master of the ceremony. An altar stands to the west on which baetlys (stone blocks representing a god)were place, to the left of this a platform with a carved circular basin which was possibly used to collect rainwater for purification and a cup-shaped recess with a drain that may have received the blood from sacrificed animals. Sacrificial remains recovered from other Nabataean religious sites include burnt offerings of cereal grains and livestock. The High Place of Sacrifice offers panoramic views over Petra, Wadi Mousa and Aaron’s tomb.
Wadi AL-Farasa (200 BC- 200 AD)
This path is believed to be a processional route to the High Place of Sacrifice, which may have been used by both resident worshippers and pilgrims. Many commemorative inscriptions are engraved in the rocks along the beginning of this route. There are many remarkable toms in this valley, one of the most striking of which is the “Renaissance Tomb”.
The Renaissance Tomb (200 BC-200 AD)
The façade is characterized by tomb Renaissance arch decorated with three unit within the framework of the Nabateaen columns compacted with the interface. The archaeological excavations revealed in 2003 about the existence of 14 graves, the graves were found cut in rock floor. All the graves had been looted most probably during the medieval period, but some remains were found, including bones, pottery and coins.
Two of the graves contained inscribed tombstones; one reads “Tayma son of Wahabilla……” Evidence indicates that the Renaissance Tomb may have been constructed towards the third quarter of the first century AD.